PCOS and thyroid are the two common endocrine disorders which have similar features but considered as different conditions.
First of all I would to like tell you about polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and thyroid one by one. What it is and what are the common symptoms?
What is PCOS?
PCOS is a condition which is caused by the presence of excessive amount of male hormone called androgen in women. Usually woman’s body produce this male hormone but when the level is increased due to the excessive amount of insulin then woman’s sex hormones like progesterone and estrogen are increased and this results in ovaries cysts which are grown on the ovaries. This lead to irregular periods and with this problem you will be not able to get pregnant.
What is Thyroid?
Thyroid is like a butterfly shape which is located at the base of your throat. The function of thyroid gland is to regulate the flow rate in which food is converted for energy, control metabolism and other systems. Thyroid problem is divided into two types – one is hyperthryroid and second one is hypothyroid.
In hyperthyroid, it is working too fast and speed up your metabolism. If it is working in slow motion then it turn to slow down your metabolism and this lead to hypothyroid.
A thyroid patient always has weight gain or weight loss problems. It can also affect your periods and thus you get difficulty in pregnancy which cause fertility problem.
PCOS and Thyroid Disorders
In some woman with PCOS it is reported that they have two common types of thyroid named hypothyroidism and autoimmune. Hypothyroidism may cause ovarian cyst (PCOS) and insulin resistance problem. This problem increases the testosterone and decreases the level of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). Hence reduce the metabolic clearance of androstenedione and conversion rate of converting androstenedione to testosterone and estradiol are increased.