Behind it all there are European directives governing the sector as the EUTCD (European Union Tissue and Cells Directive), which regulates standards in Europe, EC and Directive 2006/86 / C that set the standards for the donation, procurement, tests, process, preservation, storage and distribution of the genetic material. Each country had to incorporate EU directives into their legislation and to act according to that. Therefore, there are countries where it is possible to adopt frozen embryos from other couples patients (who have taken ART cycles, who have had children and who choose to donate surplus embryos) and either frozen embryos from donors. In other countries, however, you can only adopt frozen embryos from donors. There is talk of embriodonazione when it comes to embryos from
donors, while of embrioadozione for embryos from other couples.
In some states, to donate their embryos, couples Patients should not exceed a certain age. It is conceivable, then, that the greatest number to be taken embryos come from donor embryos. Where do themselves these embryos?
The speech of the age is correct, but the legislation in many countries also has a "vacuum" which allows clinics also use embryos "not used" by pairs patients. Again, it all depends on the legislation of the country.The donor embryos come from donors. For example, if a couple does a cycle embriodonazione (that is un'eterologa total because it receives both the egg that the sperm donor), will receive two embryos. If the woman becomes pregnant, you probably will not want to use the rest of the embryos produced.
It would not be appropriate to promote the adoption of donor embryos because basically there is no one who can choose for them? If we talk about ethics, clinical has no interest in "producing" embryos for no reason because they are not candy. In addition, many countries do not have clear legislation on the destruction of genetic material and this means that the bank of a clinic becomes "full" and the clinic can not do anything. The embriodonazione is the treatment with the highest success rates, but it is not easy for many couples get there. A big part of the couples want before using their genetic material, and after so many failures accept this option. There are also other groups who are interested in this program, such as single women. So, the part "ethics" is not always the one wanted by couples. Although it seems more ethical or fair "use" embryos from the bank of a clinic, if a couple is not ready to accept the idea and the law of the country allows you to have other choices, a clinic can not do much. In addition, the method of vitrification has solved many problems in terms of technical and
ethical: instead of producing many embryos, a modern clinic today can only vitrify oocytes of the donor that will fertilize the seed of a donor only when a patient arrives. This will save on the "production" of many embryos without destination.
Under the pretext of adoption of the embryo may not encourage the emergence of a real business? The clinics could create these embryos "ad hoc" on the pretext of donating them for adoption?
The fact that the PMA is a business is nothing new, but it helps a lot of people and contributes to 'demographic increase in the population. The clinics can produce embryos for "sell" and earn money, however it must be stressed that a serious clinic will not only business, but also what allows their legislation and what is in the